Determining your own somatotype, especially at the beginning of struggles with strength training, can greatly help you reach your dream figure faster. Which group is your body? Do you want to know if your somatotype is an ektomorphic, endomorphic or mesomorphic? I invite you to read.


The somatotype, or type of body structure, refers to the proportion of the body taken into account as a whole. There are three basic somatotypes – ektomorphic, mesomorphic and endomorphic. Each somatotype is characterized by a different construction. Determining which group you belong to can greatly help you in the proper selection of supplementation, choosing the right training for yourself and, above all, finding a solution to the lack of progress in the gym! Determining your own somatotype can be done by visual assessment, for example in the mirror.


Ectomorphic characteristics

very low level of body fat,

very small muscles,

slim shoulders,

flat chest,

with a properly balanced diet, it is easier to get dry muscle mass,

very fast metabolism,

exemplary “hardgainer” – a person who is very difficult to gain muscle mass,

defining the figure – “stick”.

A typical ectomorph is very slim. It is characterized by accelerated metabolism (compared to other somatotypes), which often prevents the building of mass. In the case of this type of body structure, lack of knowledge about proper nutrition is a very serious problem. To build muscle mass, you should consume a much larger caloric pot than is required to maintain weight. In addition, in the period of building muscle mass, the ectomorphic should reduce cardio workouts to the necessary minimum. In the case of ectomorphic, additional supplementation in the form of carbohydrate or carbohydrate-protein nutrients is most desirable.

Is every ektomorphist very slim? No. The rule says that the ectomorphic is an example of a slim person. However, long-term skipping of proper nutrition can lead to the accumulation of adipose tissue, especially around the abdomen. In addition, a very common problem is the so-called beer muscle – large protruding belly. It is easy to confuse such neglect with another body structure – endomorphic.


Endomorphic – features

high level of body fat,

much higher output force from the ectomorphic,

it easily takes on muscle mass and fat mass,

it’s much harder to burn fat than the ectomorphic,

released metabolism,

fat accumulates on all parts of the body,

determination of the silhouette – oval.

An example of endomorphism is a person who is very greasy. By the released metabolism, fat burning is quite a problem. To keep the body in shape, endomorphic requires constant caloric control. Even a few weeks of neglect, they can cause strong increases in body fat. Building mass is not an endomorphic problem. However, without the right proportions of macronutrients, a large amount of fat mass arrives next to muscle mass. For these somatotypes it is recommended to use protein as a supplement to the diet. If you do not count calories – do not use weight gainers.

Endomorphic, in contrast to the ectomorphic, needs a slightly larger calorific pot than required to gain muscle mass. However, fat burning requires a much smaller caloric supply and cardio training. The construction of endomorphics is ideal for powerlifting – where strength is important, not look.


Mezomorphic – features

low level of body fat,

wide shoulders, narrow waist, clearly visible muscles,

getting muscle mass comes easily enough,

fat burning is not a major problem,

perfect body structure for the person exercising,

big strength

determination of the silhouette – athletic.

A standard mesomorphic with a proper diet, even without much effort, looks good. Often a non-practicing mesomorphic looks better than an ektomorphic who trains for several months. This is due to the very good genetic build of the body. Of all somatotypes, this one has the best predisposition to become a bodybuilder. With adequate caloric supply to the body, both building muscle mass and burning fat does not create problems. For this somatotype, the combination of strength training and cardio training will be the best solution.


Ectomorphic, endomorphic, mesomorphic – combinations of somatotypes

The examples of somatotypes given above are only their ideal characterizations. However, the most common are combinations of individual body structures. Of course, the combinations that may occur are the ektomorphic – mesomorphic and mesomorphic – endomorphic. Because ectomorphics and endomorphs are adversities – there are no combinations.


Somatotypes – summary

Regardless of which body structure you have – ektomorphic, mesomofrik or endomorphic – with the right diet, supplementation and perseverance in training you can achieve a very good figure. Determining the somatotype is only to help in the selection of appropriate parameters that can contribute to faster achievement of the goal.

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