Ipsos, an international research company, conducted the study “Facts and Myths” for the second time. Nutrition and health of Poles in the international context. “The research was carried out in Poland, Sweden, Belgium, the USA and Canada. Similarly to last year, Poles turned out to be the most complaining about health. However, we are still “quite satisfied with our diet. Compared to last year’s survey, the percentage of people who express the need for a calmer life has risen in Poland. At the same time, compared to last year, the number of people spending free time in front of the TV has increased. 

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Nutrition 

The vast majority of Poles are good at assessing their diet of 65%. he thinks he’s eating “quite healthy. The basis for healthy eating in Poland is the regular consumption of three meals a day and eating various dishes. 

 

What, in the first place, do you think is healthy eating? 

50% – Regular consumption of 3 meals a day 

38% – Eating various dishes 

30% – Observing the pyramid of healthy food 

25% – Consumption of food and low-calorie products 

19% – Eating 4-5 smaller meals during the day 

13% – Eating what you currently have an appetite for 

10% – Eating products from stores with healthy and organic food 

4% – Other 

11% – I do not know, I’m not interested 

Percentages do not add up to 100, because respondents could give more than one answer 

Almost all Poles (97 percent) eat meat, of which 4 percent. they do not eat only certain kinds of meat. However, in this year’s study, 12 percent people declared limiting the consumption of one type of meat during the last year. Most often, we fry meat in a frying pan (38%), and oil is our favorite fat, although popularity is gained by the non-fat method (eg teflon frying pans). 

Between meals Poles most often eat fruit, which is a rule in other countries studied (research was carried out in the summer). Visibly more often than in other countries studied, between meals Poles eat sandwiches, as well as buns, donuts and cakes. Consumers in the USA, Canada and Belgium are reaching for salty snacks crisps, breadsticks or crackers. 

It is noteworthy that relatively often Poles drink alcoholic beverages between meals (mainly beer). Drinking alcoholic beverages between meals is declared by as much as 10%. surveyed in Poland, while in the US and Canada this percentage does not exceed 3 percent. 

In comparison with other surveyed societies, Poles are least interested in buying products with clear health benefits, such as products with high fiber content, whole grains, low sugar, low fat, low calorie, low carbohydrates or containing Omega 3 acids Interest in the so-called only a few percent of consumers in Poland declare organic food. 

 

Changes in the way of eating 

Information provided by the media regarding healthy nutrition exert a certain influence on Polish consumers almost 40 percent. the respondents declare changes in their nutrition during the last six months, consisting in either limiting the consumption of unhealthy products or introducing new, healthier products into the diet. 

 

Thinking about the last six months, what was the biggest change in your eating habits? 

60% – Nothing has changed 

15% – I eat less and limit eating unhealthy foods 

13% – I am introducing new products to my diet 

8% – I eat more fruit 

4% – I eat more and drink hot drinks 

4% – I eat healthy, regularly, rationally 

2% – I do not know 

However, if we compare these data with the results from the USA and Canada, Poles appear to be very conservative. In the US about 76 percent of changes in nutrition over the last year. consumers, and 60% in Canada Americans most often declare drinking more water, eating more vegetables and changing meal times, Canadians in the first place mention the increase in vegetable consumption. 

 

Body weight 

In comparison with other countries studied (USA, Canada, Belgium and Sweden), Poland has the highest percentage of people who consider their body mass (68% of respondents in Poland think so), and the weight of children is very positive. Meanwhile, according to the calculated BMI (calculated on the basis of the declared weight and height), in Poland the actual percentage of overweight people is comparable to other countries surveyed (it is about 30% in all countries covered by the study). In comparison with the other countries surveyed, there is clearly a lower percentage of obese people in Poland (9%, in the remaining countries surveyed, around 20%). 

 

Health 

At the same time, Poles – in comparison with other societies covered by the survey – are least satisfied with their state of health. 42 percent population assesses their health status as good, while in all other countries studied this percentage is at least 46%. Men are more satisfied with their health (48%) than women (36%), which is probably related to greater care and attention of women for their health and more frequent visits to doctors. 

When asked about diseases that are problems in Poland, we first mention cancer, heart and circulatory diseases, and AIDS. Fewer people consider hypertension, diabetes or tobacco-related diseases to be a significant threat to health, despite the fact that these ailments contribute to more deaths in Poland than AIDS. Compared to last year, clearly more people mention the problem of obesity in adults, high cholesterol, obesity in children, osteoporosis, depression, bulimia and anorexia, and food allergies. 

As in the previous study, compared to the residents of other countries surveyed, Poles have the least confidence in doctors only 39 percent. He fully trusts his doctor and believes that he makes the best decisions for the patient’s health. 

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