Trained people have a different body composition (less body fat, more muscles), lower heart rate at a given intensity compared to untrained, less susceptible to injury, more efficiently using stored energy resources (glycogen, phosphocreatine, intramuscular fats), have more strength and the speed of reaction, at rest their heart is slower and blood pressure is lower.

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Researchers checked whether or not training had an effect on 

The central pressure, determining the blood supply of the heart, the brain, and in case of its increase – damage to these organs caused by hypertension, is a physician’s size much more interesting than the pressure measured peripherally.  

41 people took part in the research. Of these 21 were trained and 20 were not. The pulse wave velocity as well as the central and peripheral blood pressure at rest and immediately after the maximum effort on the treadmill (with spirometric measurements) were measured. 

 

Results 

At rest, hemodynamic parameters did not differ between groups, 

After exercise, systolic central pressure and peripheral blood pressure increased in both groups, there were no differences between the groups, 

After exercise, the pulse wave speed increased in both groups, there were no differences between the groups, 

 

Conclusions 

Training affects stiffness of the arteries and blood pressure regardless of training. The larger the PWV (PWV, pulse wave velocity), the greater the stiffness of the artery. People who want to train with high intensity should regularly examine the heart, because high rigidity of the arteries and strong fluctuations in blood pressure can be dangerous for some people (especially using beta mimetics, anabolic androgenic steroids or other drugs that can affect blood pressure) 

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You can read also: Warm up and muscles mobilization

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