In an increasingly consumer-friendly world, where the availability of highly processed products is at hand, there are more and more people with overweight and obesity. No time to prepare a meal, and often even eating it causes that busy people reach for products that have a positive effect on the deposition of adipose tissue. The worst thing is that this problem also affects children. Why is this happening?
Sugars – the importance of processes in the body
Two hormones insulin and glucagon are responsible for storing and burning fat in the body. Insulin is a hormone that controls blood sugar levels, making sure that it is not too much in it. Glucagon has an antagonistic effect on insulin. When there is too little glucose in the blood, glucagon is supposed to provide it.
What relationship with these hormones has highly processed foods? Very big. Fast food, sweets, some fruits are products with a high glycemic index. The glycemic index is an indicator of the effect of a given product on the level of sugar in the blood within 2-3 hours after ingestion. Eating a high GI product causes a rapid increase in blood sugar levels, which in turn is a signal for insulin to lower this level.
Insulin removes glucose from the blood mainly to the liver and skeletal muscle, and if the body is unable to use it, it is stored in the form of triglycerides (TG) in adipose tissue. The problem starts here. The amount of simple sugars in the diet is what our body will look like. If there are too many of them, and additionally physical activity is negligible, sugars will be transformed into triglycerides and stored in the form of adipose tissue.
If the daily menu consists mainly of simple carbohydrates, that is, white bread, white pasta, white rice, etc., the blood glucose level will increase rapidly, and sudden outbursts of insulin will immediately remove it from the bloodstream. Consequently, it will not be in the brain tissue for which it is a nutrient. If the brain has nothing to derive from it, it gives a signal that it needs sugar – which causes wolf hunger.
As a result, the body is overfeeding and, as a consequence, it accumulates body fat. The more often the body has an increase in the level of sugar above the norm, the more often the standard of insulin level in the blood is exceeded. Such conditions affect the development of overweight, atherosclerosis and the risk of heart disease. Permanent diet and lack of movement lead to insulin resistance after some time, and later, type II diabetes develops.
What is insulin resistance?
Normal blood sugar is controlled by insulin. Constant reproaches mean that the body gets used to its frequent high level. Due to the above, it becomes more resistant to its operation. This leads to a condition in which a high level of insulin in the blood does not lower the level of sugar contained in it.
This is a pre-diabetic state. High levels of insulin in the blood can lead to abdominal obesity, overweight, hypertension, high levels of blood lipids. Their presence, in turn, may influence the development of cardiovascular and cancer diseases. Insulin also affects the level of cortisol, called the stress hormone, which in turn influences the development of inflammation.
How fat burning occurs
The previously mentioned glucagon is responsible for the processes related to the breakdown of adipose tissue. Its role is to break down adipose tissue to release sugars from triglycerides. When is glucagon released?
When your blood sugar level falls to a very low level. Therefore, to achieve the effects of a slimming diet, it should be remembered that not the quantity and quality of food is important. First of all, you need to control the addiction to sugar, which forces the body into several troubles.
Having diet plans in mind, let’s analyze your eating habits, let’s think about what we can start with. What will be the easiest thing to give up, of which the most difficult – and let us implement our observations?
Let’s just remember one used diet that promises windscreen effects, without changing eating habits will not do anything because the months of struggle with kilograms, yourself, (because you often eat what you need on a diet, and you do not want to), you will go to celebrate a shapely figure, and finally you will go to a pastry shop or pizzeria.
It will stay that way later, and the kilograms will come back faster than you expect. Take care of yourself by controlling your blood sugar on an empty stomach and after eating and remember that too high or too low blood sugar levels can be dangerous to your health. Therefore, make sure that the standards are maintained.