Electrolytes are necessary for the proper functioning of our body.These deficiencies can lead to disturbances of the heart rhythm, fainting and trembling.Check what is the correct value of electrolytes in the body and how to replenish the shortage of electrolytes in the body.

Electrolytes are the medical term for salt ions that are found in our body fluids – in blood, plasma and tissue fluids.” The human body, in order to function healthy, must maintain an adequate level of salt ions, namely sodium, potassium, calcium and magnesium. Deviation from the norm can lead to heart and nervous system disorders, because electrolytes are responsible for maintaining tension in cell membranes and for transferring electrical impulses (nerve impulses) to other cells.

 

Electrolytes – how do we lose them?

Usually, electrolytes are lost in hot weather, the higher the temperature, the more we sweat and the electrolytes we sweat, and the electrolyte balance is also disturbed by the struggle our body deals with viral infections. maintained the fluid balance, the electrolyte deficiency must be completed.

Dehydration of the body – is it dangerous for health?

Electrolytes – deficiency symptoms

general weakness,

hypertension,

arrhythmia (arrhythmia),

dizziness,

fainting,

muscle tremors.

 

The swelling of the lower limbs, drowsiness, loss of appetite, nausea and constipation are also characteristic.

 

How to top up electrolytes?

drink a lot of highly mineralized water,

drink tomato juices, which are a source of potassium,

use a diet rich in sodium, potassium (eg tomatoes, bananas, dried apricots) and magnesium (eg pumpkin seeds, cocoa, almonds),

use minerals in tablets, e.g. amino acid chelates,

in the breaks between exercises, drink isotonic drinks, containing sodium chloride or potassium chloride,

sleep 8 hours.

 

How do you prevent loss of electrolytes in the body?

in the heat, limit physical effort and sports training,

do not change your diet drastically,

During infections, manifested by fever and diarrhea, take twice as much fluids than usual (about 3 liters of water a day).

 

Correct electrolyte values ​​in the body

soda 3250 mg / L 142 mmol / L,

potassium 156 mg / L 4 mmol / L,

magnesium 24 mg / L 1 mmol / L,

calcium 100 mg / L 2.5 mmol / L.

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