Roses are one of the most beautiful plants grown in gardens. They seduce with their beauty and intense fragrance. They are also popular due to their functional advantages. They are successfully used in cosmetics as an ingredient of perfumes, masks and creams. More and more often we hear about the fruits of wild rose, they are credited with a strong pro-health effect and antioxidant properties. It is worth to look closely at the wild rose and get to know its special properties.
Wild rose – characteristics of the species
Roses are very popular shrubs. Due to their beauty and the scent of flowers, they are grown practically all over the world. The rosacea family is also valued for its healing properties. Wild rose (Rosa canina L.) is a thorny shrub reaching a height of up to 3 meters. Its elliptical leaves are quite stiff and have serrated edges. Flowers of wild rose are bright pink and grow singly or in small clusters. However, the most valuable part of the wild rose is its fruit. They have a spindle shape, length approx. 2-3 cm and an intense orange-red color. The fruits ripen in autumn and are ready for harvesting at the turn of October and November. To increase their durability, double drying and fruit drilling is used to get rid of the small grains and hair inside.
Wild rose – nutritional properties
Rosehip berries are one of the best natural sources of vitamin C. They can, however, contain different amounts of it, it depends on the species, variety, as well as the date of harvest and the type of technological processes used during processing. The most vitamin C contains raw fruit, however, due to its instability, they are used relatively rarely.
The dried fruits of wild rose are much more popular. Some species may contain up to 12% L-ascorbic acid, on average however, the amount is about 2-3% of dry matter. Compared with other fruits, wild rose has 10 times more vitamin C than blackcurrant and 100 times more vitamin C than apples. It has been calculated that three fruits can cover our daily requirement for this vitamin.
In the fruit of the wild rose, you can also find B vitamins (including B1, B2, B3), as well as vitamins A, E and K. As for the other nutrients that can be attributed to health properties, wild rose also contains oils ethereal and macroelements (K, P, Ca, Mg) and microelements (Fe, Cu, Mn and Zn). It is important, however, not to store dried rosehips for too long, as all the nutritional value of the fruit decreases significantly with the storage time.
Wild rose – health properties and application
Due to the very high content of ascorbic acid in the fruits of wild rose, they are primarily assigned the properties that strengthen the work of the immune system. They stimulate it and prevent the occurrence of colds and flu. It is worth remembering, especially in autumn and winter, when our resistance decreases and we are particularly vulnerable to the attack of viruses and bacteria. Rosehip berries also support the work of the circulatory system. The vitamin C contained in them helps to seal blood vessels, strengthens the walls of the arteries and prevents capillary rupture. In addition, it is worth mentioning that vitamin C supports the absorption of iron from the digestive system. This allows you to maintain the appropriate level of hemoglobin in the blood and prevent the formation of anemia.
The fruit of wild rose is also credited with a strong antioxidant effect. It is due to the comprehensive action of antioxidant vitamins and naturally found in flavonoids. Their action is based on eliminating the harmful effects of free radicals and inhibiting enzymes responsible for aging processes. Currently, studies are being carried out to prove the anti-cancer activity of wild rose extract. However, these properties are not yet well researched to be able to clearly state that wild rose can be used in prevention and oncology therapy.
Particularly noteworthy is the substance called galactolipid (GOPO). It has strong anti-inflammatory properties. It lowers the concentration of acute phase protein (CRP), and also reduces the concentration of serum creatinine. This is of particular importance in the body’s inflammation. It has also been proven that the use of GOPO (in a powdered extract of wild rose 0.5 g per day for 4 months) improves the mobility of joints and reduces their pain in people with RA. In addition to the presence of GOPO, this effect is also influenced by the mentioned vitamin C, which supports the synthesis of collagen and synovial fluid.
Not only the fruits of wild rose enjoy beneficial health properties. Many advantages are also attributed to the oil from its seeds. It is especially recommended for people who have a problem with too little appetite. Rose oil stimulates appetite and increases the desire for a meal. He is also credited with anti-migraine, sedative and diuretic effects, so it has a fairly universal application.
Wild rose – recipes for preserves
Nowadays hardly anyone deals with preparing wild rose preserves in their kitchen. Products that are ready, bought in stores and pharmacies are much more popular. It is worth remembering, however, that the cash in its composition, in addition to the fruit of wild rose, have many other artificial additives, negatively affecting the nutritional quality of products. Preparing preparations from wild rose is time-consuming and directed to people who are patient. Fruits of the wild rose have little pulp, from which you can get juice, jam or syrup. However, one can not undermine the high nutritional quality and the taste of the hand-made preserves. Although most of them contain exorbitant amounts of sugar, the health benefits we can get from them are really huge.
If you want to try to prepare such products at home yourself, we have a few simple recipes for you.
Aromatic syrup from wild rose
– 500 g of wild rose fruit, cleaned of seeds,
– 250 g of xylitol,
– lemon juice juice,
– 5 carnations,
– 2 grains of herb,
– 1 liter of boiled water.
Clean the cleaned fruit until tender in water with cloves and English herb. When they are slightly overcooked, use a strainer to transfer water to another pot. Fruits are kept on a sieve and we pour into the water, not forgetting to remove the spices from the sieve beforehand. Cut the dried fruit thoroughly with the water in which it was boiled. We add lemon juice. The syrup obtained must be poured into small bottles or jars. Tighten carefully, pasteurise. The product obtained can be stored in the pantry all winter and opened during colds or flu.
Sweet jam with wild rose petals
– 250 g of wild rose petals,
– 350 g white sugar,
– 1 glass of water,
– 1 lemon juice
– a few teaspoons of spirits.
Jam made of rose petals is definitely more time-consuming to make than to prepare a syrup. However, its taste is amazing, so if we have time and fresh petals of wild rose, do not hesitate!
At the very beginning you should remove the white hardened tips from the petals, they are unpalatable and can spoil the taste of jam. Rose petals are then poured with boiling water to get rid of dirt and bacteria. After imprinting the water from the flakes, squeeze lemon juice into them. Set aside. The next step is to cook the syrup in a saucepan – we need a glass of water and whole sugar for this. When the sugar is thoroughly dissolved, throw the imprinted rose petals into it. Mix thoroughly and leave it for 24 hours in a cool place. The next day, cook the contents of the saucepan a second time until the flakes become slightly translucent. Add the ready confiture to the well-washed and scalded jars. Before closing them, pour a teaspoon of 96% spirit into each jar. This activity is very important, because it protects our products from deterioration.
Wild rose, although very common, turns out to be a very demanding product. To make the preparations from it, you need a lot of commitment and time. The health benefits that we can derive from the wild rose are huge. Wild rose is a component that is worth introducing to your diet not only in the autumn and winter season. Huge doses of vitamin C and other antioxidants will certainly help to improve our well-being throughout the year. That is why we can also use wild rose preparations for prophylactic purposes, but let’s remember about reasonable and moderate consumption of homemade products, which of course are a treasury of health, but unfortunately also a source of calories.